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The lack of distinctive character is an absolute obstacle to trade mark registration, however, characters devoid of this charateristics can acquire it as a result of use. Read, post comments and participate! While deciding on the application panogamicznych by the Polish Company, the PPO came to the conclusion that the differences between disputed trade marks are not so noticeable and the risk of confusion by the average consumer of such goods is significant.

Jeremy Monday, November 21, The patent attorney who is representing the company from Germany declared that one can not claim such simple words power and control as a trade mark, it gives 10 owner a monopoly panoramiznych the use. The IPKat says “Enjoy! Only after having determined that a sign may be a trade mark it shall be examined whether such sign has sufficiently distinctive characteristics, to check out whether a sign is capable to distinguish on the market the specific goods for which it was applied for.

The fact is that all signs have a distinctive element. The applicant was arguing that the questioned sign does not have a distinctive character. The court cited doctrinal approach to the distinctiveness of a trade mark a book by professor Urszula Prominska entitled Prawo wlasnosci panorajicznych published by Difin, Warszawaedt.

In examining signs that cannot distinguish the goods, it should be noted that such sign does not posses any characteristics in its tructure thus such sign as a whole is devoid panoramkcznych a sufficient distinctive characteristics and it is not suitable for the identification of goods, and therefore is does not have the ability to distinguish its origin.

Miasto u stóp – Picture of Kawiarnia Panoramiczna Widokowka, Kolobrzeg – TripAdvisor

Pwnoramicznych sign acquires the secondary meaning, if it lacked the distinctive character earlier, but during the use it became the source of information about the origin of a product. The PPO ruled that this trade mark lacks distinctiveness. The PPO held that this trade mark is not sufficiently distinctive and that the sign is purely descriptive and therefore can not be covered by the right of protection.


This indicates the possibility of acquiring secondary meaning by descriptive signs. The sign creates a cluster of words whose meaning is known in Poland. Thus, these signs per se do not possess distinctive characteristics.

The informational character of a trade mark is not changed when someone is using a sign from foreign language, even in case of terms that come from a dead language e. Although PPO stated that the compared trade marks are 3D signs, but the examination of these elements was reduced to comparison of packages only, i. The PPO has issued a favourable decision and registered this trade mark inR This would mean that for consumers, contrary to the assessment of the PPO, this 3D element constitutes the dominant part of the trade mark, and it can also influence the perception of the trade mark reputation and the need for protection against dilution.

Miasto u stóp – Picture of Kawiarnia Panoramiczna Widokowka, Kolobrzeg

These materials proved that the Polish company markets products that are the imitation of alcohol produced 100. The assessment of whether a sign has a secondary meaning acquired distinctiveness must be decided by examining all the facts such as time of use, its market share, the ways and intensity of use, and all the data showing that a given group of customers will evidently assign the panoramicznyxh and the goods to a particular trader.

Staff reporter Sam Mamoudi speculates on the rash of patent cases that might be spreading to the US Supreme Court next year. Therefore PowerControl is able to distinguish goods, especially technical equipment. While referring to the possibility of acquisition of secondary meaning the PPO held that the owner did not provide any evidence on this circumstance. This is another part of the saga of trade marks consisting of numerals. Descriptive signs refer to the qualities or characteristics panoramizcnych may affect goods from various manufacturers.

Has the Kat got your tongue? The PPO ruled that these signs are examples of commonly used vodka pxnoramicznych that were sold in the 80s and 90s of the last century. The PPO has decided that the vodka producers could use the trade marks containing a blade of grass to indicate the type of vodka.

There are thus distinctive capabilities which are required for a brand. The Kat that tweets! The distinctive character of a trade mark is fitted with such features, which in the minds of consumers it clearly indicate that the goods identified by it come from the specific company.

The most distinctive element is the characteristic cut on both sides of the bottle. Any problems, please let the IPKat team know. However, in situation, when the package is transparent, placing a characteristic element inside of the packaging, determines distinctiveness of the whole sign, e. The PPO did not consider the dominant elements that draw the attention of the buyer.


Thus, the mere fact that the sign is purely informational does not preclude the acquisition of secondary meaning. The blade of grass inside a bottle may give potential customers certain associations that it is a vodka based on wisent grass.

The court rejected the complaint. Get the Kat in your Inbox! Recruitment of UPC Judges is now open. The PPO reminded that the following are considered as being devoid of sufficient distinctive character i signs which are not capable of distinguishing, in trade, the goods for which they have been applied, ii signs which consist exclusively or mainly of elements which may serve, in trade, to designate the kind, origin, quality, quantity, value, intended purpose, manufacturing process, composition, function or usefulness of the goods, iii signs which have become customary in the current language and are used in fair and established business practices.

The IPKat’s most-read posts panoramicznycj the past 30 days. ECtHR rules that prohibiting linking to defamatory content might be freedom of expression violation: Double V-ictory for Louis Vuitton. And it must identify the goods of an entrepreneur. The first Counterfeit and Piracy Watch List has been published! The Court stated that panoramiicznych sign is devoid of any fanciful elements, purely informational — indicating that the product is a calcium with vitamin C.

Panorajicznych of a right of protection under previously mentioned rules may not be denied in particular where prior to the date of filing of a trademark application with the PPO, the trademark concerned has acquired, in consequence of its use, a distinctive character in the conditions of the regular trade.

The SAC agreed with allegations of violation panoramicznyhc administrative proceedings that was based panoramicnych erroneous findings that the disputed trade mark could not acquire secondary meaning. The issue of acquisition of secondary meaning acquired distinctiveness is taken into account together with all the circumstances of the presence of a sign on the market, including such as: The trade mark represents a glass bottle with a blade of grass put inside, and the crest on the bottle.

Panoramicznyvh just any old IPKat A cassation complaint may be filed to the Supreme Administrative Court. European trade mark law, Quo Nunc Vadis?