Arousal, Stress and Anxiety - Factors That Influence Performance
Know the relationship between stress, anxiety, arousal and sports performance. Starter. Time to check your prior knowledge! Stress. Definition. Anxiety and arousal: physiological changes and their perception. There is only a weak relationship, and in some instances a desynchrony, between. 1) Drive Theory: Drive theory states that the more arousal and anxiety an their own anxiety is important for understanding the relationship of their anxiety to.
Drive theory states that the more arousal and anxiety an individual experiences, the higher their performance will be.
Anxiety and Arousal
This theory takes into account that people have different levels of anxiety and arousal that are unique in making them perform at their best. Some people perform their best with low anxiety, some with a medium amount and others with a high amount. This theory of anxiety posits that when one has anxious thoughts - they will have poorer performance. Anxiety felt by the body will have an effect on performance much like that of the inverted U theory see above.
However, there is little support for this theory.
The catastrophe model posits that as long as there are lower thoughts of anxiety, then performance will be best at a medium level of physical arousal.
If there is a high level of anxious thoughts worryperformance will be better at a medium level of physical arousal but will suddenly drop off and become very poor. There is a breaking point when performance decreases dramatically.
This theory posits that the way that arousal affects performance depends on an individual's interpretation of their arousal. Arousal can be interpreted as pleasant and exciting and as unpleasant and anxious. Arousal that is thought to be pleasant helps performance, and vice versa for bad arousal.
This theory states that how someone sees their own anxiety is important for understanding the relationship of their anxiety to their performance. Too much tension is detrimental to performance. Second, arousal affects attention.
There are several theories as to how arousal affects performance: Drive Reduction Theory states a linear positive relationship between arousal and performance. This means that at low levels of arousal, performance is low whereas it increases in line with an increase in arousal.
Drive reduction theory became popular during the s and s as a way to explain behavior and motivation. Inverted U hypothesis proposes a relationship between arousal and performance in a symmetrical inverted U. Increases in arousal will result in the increase of performance, up to a point optimal arousal beyond which further arousal is dysfunctional to the outcome of performance.
Individual Zones of Optimal Functioning IZOF takes into account that people have different levels of anxiety and arousal that are unique in making them perform at their best. Some people perform their best with low anxiety, some with a medium amount and others with a high amount.
Arousal and Performance - Sportlyzer Academy
This theory distinguishes between somatic and cognitive anxiety: Cognitive anxiety represents the mental component of anxiety and is caused by negative expectations about success or about negative self-evaluation.
Thus, cognitive anxiety is worrying and negative thoughts. Somatic anxiety reflects physiological elements of the anxiety that develops directly from autonomic arousal.