World Literature: The Curious Case of Candide and Cunegonde
and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Candide listens to Pangloss with great attention and faith. How does Candide come to be reunited with Cunegonde? . term "prudence" involves an interesting relationship with the term "providence. At the bottom of his heart Candide had no wish to marry Cunégonde. But the extreme impertinence of the Baron determined him to conclude the match, and.
What is the Old Woman's advice to Cunegonde? What kind of a fellow is Cacambo? As you continue to get acquainted with him, try to find words to formulate the traits that seem to stand out with him.
How is he similar to the Old Woman?
How is he different? What advice does he give his master Candide? Why is Voltaire so hostile to this community? If you have seen the film The Mission, you will be struck by the divergence of evaluations!
Whom does Candide meet there, to his great surprise? Why does the encounter end as it does? What advice does Cacambo give his master? How does his presence of mind here contrast with that of "the young philosopher"?
An unknown country without a beaten path a beautiful meadow In the third paragraph of Chapter 16 we read of Candide that "[w]hile he was thus lamenting his fate, he went on eating. Does this remind you of a point of view we've heard expressed earlier in the story? Does it come up elsewhere later on as well? What mistake does Candide make in rescuing the girls from the monkeys that are chasing them?
What do you think might be Voltaire's the point in devising this episode? The country of the Oreillons How is it that the pair doesn't end up on a spit, and being eaten by the Oreillons the "Big-Ears"?LITERATURE - Voltaire
El Dorado Chapters 17 - 18 How do the despairing pair get there? What mistakes of interpretation do they make during their first encounters with the natives? Why does Voltaire want the reader to reflect on these? What is Candide's comment on these initial discoveries i. What is the role of geography in this history?
English Study Guide to Voltaire's Candide
Check this out in a decent-sized desk dictionary. What is the role of political decision? What do you detect as the fundamental assumptions behind such a decision? How might we connect these assumptions with the economic and domestic political facts of the kingdom the visitors find so striking up to now and later on during their visit?
What is striking about the religion of El Dorado, as explained by the old wise man? Note how certain key facts are pointed up by having the old man be surprised by Candide's questions.
There are at least 5 points that you'd want to take stock of. What key features of prevailing European religion i. How are these connected with differences over the interpretation of divine providence in respect of how God wills that sinners be reconciled to Him i.
Or check out one or more of the pages referenced in our glossary page on deism.
Both philosophical optimism and Voltaire's renunciation of theodicy could be regarded as forms of deism, under these definitions. What, though, are their essential points of difference?
What does Candide's reflection on this part of his conversation with the retired elder have to say about philosophical optimism? How might the accusation of "provinciality" apply not just to Pangloss but to Leibniz?
What is striking about the political order that holds in El Dorado, as the Candide discovers in his visit to the capital? What is this meant to get us to question concerning European monarchs? Why are the latter the way they are? What "necessities" drive them to it?
What would be necessary for them to cease thinking of these as necessary? What "indispensable" institutions of European society don't show up in El Dorado?
What underlying differences do these differences evidently stem from? Voltaire is here prompting the reader to do some reflecting. Take up the challenge.
Note that Voltaire does not seem to suppose that natural reason would lead men to form a democracy. Why do you think that is? At the same time, how does his conception of rational monarchy differ from what prevails in Europe, where one is constantly confronted with all sorts of policies justified in the name of "reasons of state.
There are two factors, one more profound for assessing the social facts that are taken for granted as natural in Europe.
Can you locate each? How is the contrast between Candide and the citizens of El Dorado symbolized in the physical geography of the place? Why can't Candide be content to remain in El Dorado? It's clear, is it not? How is this clear?
Why do you think Voltaire rejects this key teaching of Christianity? But if Voltaire is going to reject this as an explanation for why reason does not seem to be prevailing in Europe, what explanation do you think he will be inclined to favor? What is the focus of intellectual life in El Dorado? How does Voltaire's estimation of the value of astronomy and other sciences differ from that of Jonathan Swift? What essential features of European civilization are absent from El Dorado?
What does this tell us about El Dorado and Europe? Try to penetrate to the assumptions in virtue of which each set of institutions or the lack of them seems "natural" and "necessary" or "only sensible" to the people of the respective societies. The visit to El Dorado sits approximately in the middle of Voltaire's tale. This horrible spectacle shows us how hateful and violent people are in this world.
Later, he finds a beggar who turns out to be Pangloss. Once with Pangloss, he has many new adventures. While out at sea with Pangloss and Jacques, a violent storm occurred and destroyed their ship. Many innocent passengers are killed including Jacques, who died saving a sailor.
When the sailor, Pangloss, and Candide get into Lisbon, an earthquake destroys most of the city. A idal wave also crushes ships in the port. In an effort to prevent another earthquake, wise men take ridiculous actions against the slightest wrongdoing. Candide and Pangloss end up getting arrested. Pangloss is hanged and Candide is beaten badly. The ridiculous actions taken place prove to be futile when another earthquake erupts the next day. All of the bad that came from the first earthquake provided no good.
Pangloss had been hung for no reason and Jacques, a good man, had died from the storm out at sea. The reader is left wondering how these horrible events could result in a greater good.
Candide finds that God might have spared one place on earth, El Dorado. He finds this seemingly perfect city, yet does not want to stay because is still in love with Cunegonde. The king gives him and Cacambo a few sheep and some gold. This portion of the story brings a little light, yet the whole world cannot be like El Dorado, and people who do live in perfect worlds cannot even appreciate it because they have nothing to compare the high points against.