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Czech and Slovak Testing Board (CaSTB). CaSTB Logo. Board Name: Czech and Slovak Testing Board Acronym: CaSTB. Country/Region: Czech Republic and. The Dissolution of Czechoslovakia which took effect on 1 January , was an event that saw .. New impulses to mutual contacts coming via TV are also common shows like the Intelligence Test of Nations, Czechoslovakia's Got Talent broadcast by . Trade relationships were re-established and stabilized, and the Czech. Twenty years after their Velvet Divorce the Czech Republic and Do you feel that Czechs and Slovaks have a very special relationship still or.
In response, the Roman Catholic Church mounted altogether five abortive crusades against the Hussites. Whenever a crusade menaced Bohemia, however, the radical military brotherhoods joined the conservative forces to push back the invader.
Meanwhile, a general council of the church opened in at BaselSwitzerland, and determined to find a peaceful settlement. At a conference at Cheb German: The Hussite envoys reached Basel and opened debate on the cardinal points of their doctrine.
The Utraquists ultimately joined forces with the Catholics to defeat the radical Hussites in a fratricidal battle at Lipany in May The final agreement came to be known as the Compacts Compactata of Basel. The agreement followed the Four Articles of Prague but weakened them with subtle clauses e. After the promulgation of the compacts inan agreement followed with Sigismund, now accepted as the legitimate king of Bohemia.
But he died inand Bohemia was neither united in religion nor consolidated politically. Various forces hindered religious pacification. The Catholic clergy refused to respect the Compacts of Basel because they were not sanctioned by the pope; the Catholics would not accept Rokycana as archbishop of the Hussite church either.
The radical parties, although gravely weakened at Lipany, also stood in uncompromising opposition to Rokycana. The Hussite preponderance Sigismund had no son, and the problem of succession to the Bohemian throne caused a split among the nobility, which had been enriched during the Hussite wars by the secularization of church properties and which had grown accustomed to the absence of monarchy.
In January an assembly was held to set up provincial administration for Bohemia; its composition demonstrated clearly the steady rise in the importance of the wealthy barons, who functioned as the first estate.
The lesser nobility, large in number, was considered the second estate. The upper classes recognized the royal boroughs as the third estate but were reluctant to share power with them. In the January assembly the political alignments were not identical with religious divisions; nonetheless, the first estate included a powerful Catholic faction, and the second estate was predominantly Hussite.
The assembly did not elect a governor of Bohemia. Instead, in the counties into which Bohemia was subdivided, leagues were organized to promote the cooperation of local lords, knights, and royal boroughs, irrespective of religious orientation.
Several foreign princes challenged this Habsburg claim, but in the estates recognized Ladislas as the legitimate heir to the throne of Bohemia.
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As he resided at the court of his guardian, the German king and future Holy Roman emperor Frederick IIIthe interregnum was extended.
Apart from political and economic consolidation, George strove for a papal sanction of the Compacts of Basel and for the confirmation of the Hussite leader Rokycana as archbishop. In George decided to act. He seized Prague and appointed Rokycana head of the Utraquist consistory. In Frederick designated George governor of Bohemia.
George served as his chief adviser. But in Ladislas suddenly died. Although several foreign princes competed for the throne, the estates of Bohemia reaffirmed the elective principle and decided unanimously for George, who became king in Although attached to the Utraquist party, for George the Hussite revolution was finished.
As he was eager to be crowned according to the rites prescribed by Emperor Charles IV, in the presence of two foreign bishops he obliged himself to defend the true faith and to lead his people from errors, sects, and heresies.
Because the Compacts of Basel were not mentioned, George did not hesitate to make his pledge; since the agreement with the Council of Basel, the Utraquists considered the Communion in both kinds as a lawful concession and not a heresy.
During the next three years, thanks to his superior diplomatic skills, George enhanced his prestige both at home and abroad. Feeling that no lasting peace could be achieved without the speedy settlement of religious issues, George attempted in to have the Compacts of Basel sanctioned by Pope Pius II. Instead of approving the compacts, however, the pope declared them null and void. Although neither the pope nor the king showed any intention of retreating, armed conflict did not take place, and several princes, including Frederick III, were willing to use their influence to arrange a compromise.
Shortly before Christmasthe pope excommunicated George and released his Catholic subjects from their oath of allegiance.
Matthias claimed that he needed the resources of the imperial and Bohemian crowns in order to launch a great crusade against the Turks. The Hungarians invaded Moravia, and, by tying down a considerable portion of the Bohemian army, they facilitated rebel successes in other parts of the kingdom.
In May the opposition, controlling all provinces except Bohemia, proclaimed Matthias king of Bohemia. In George achieved some successes over his rivals, but he was unable to consolidate them because of deteriorating health.
He died in Marchmourned by both the Utraquists and loyal Catholics. The reigns of Vladislas and Louis brought Bohemia and Hungary under the rule of the Jagiellon dynasty, which had ruled Lithuania and Poland since the late 14th century. Despite the successful consolidation of the four realms under one dynasty, this period was marked by the decline of royal authority in Bohemia.
After Vladislas spent more time in Hungary than in Bohemia, as did Louis.
Vladislas made no secret of his dislike of the Utraquist rites, but, by his coronation oath, he obligated himself to respect the basic Hussite tenets outlined in the Compacts of Basel. In Vladislas sanctioned the persecution of the group, but his decree was not applied too rigidly.
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Provincial assemblies, or diets, rather than the royal court held primacy under the Jagiellonian kings, especially when they resided at Buda modern Budapest. The Bohemian diet often carried decisions for the entire kingdom.
The lords dominated the diets and were supported by the lesser nobility when attempting to limit royal power or when introducing restrictive measures against the lower classes. Both the mighty barons and the less propertied knights viewed with displeasure the political aspirations of the royal boroughs. The diets passed several resolutions to remove the third estate from the positions acquired during the Hussite revolution.
Because the boroughs obtained little help from the sovereignthe nobility encountered little resistance. A land ordinance adopted in limited considerably the participation of the boroughs in the diets.
Nevertheless, the royal boroughs, prosperous and self-confident, resisted the limitations and sought allies wherever they could find them. They obtained some concessions under Vladislas, but in they had to surrender some of the earlier privileges on which their economic prosperity was based. Although the boroughs gained some reasonable satisfaction, the landowning nobility was permitted to engage in the production of articles that were previously the monopoly of the royal boroughs.
The agreement of did not end feuds and conflicts among the aristocratic factions and their supporters in the lower classes. This rule does not apply to citizens of European Union, Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland and their family members.
Such certificate may not be on the date of the marriage older than seven working days. For further information concerning the issuance of such certificates for example the opening hours of the Foreign Police see here. Documents to be submitted issued by foreign authorities must be officially authenticated superlegalization, Apostilleunless an international agreement stipulates otherwise, and must be officially translated into the Czech language.
For more information please contact any Office of Vital Records. Part 1 of the Questionnaire will be filled in along with an official of the Office of Vital Records registrar. Part 2 is completed only by the relevant registrar. Fees Entering into marriage between two persons none of whom has permanent residence in the Czech Republic - CZK 3, No time limits have been specified. In such cases the marriage cannot be contracted without the presence of an interpreter.