Explain the importance of anglo mysore relationship

Essay on Anglo-Mysore Relations in the 18th Century

explain the importance of anglo mysore relationship

NCERT notes on important topics for the UPSC civil services exam. The Anglo- Mysore Wars were a series of four wars between the British and The British started improving their relationship with the Nizam of Hyderabad. The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of four wars fought in India over the three decades of the 18th century between the British East India. The only state that offered stiff resistance to their expansion was Mysore, Fourth Anglo-Mysore War () was an outcome of tense relation of British and .

Haider's invasion of Malabar in made the English more apprehensive of the designs of Mysore. Not only the English, but the local chieftains around who were engaged in similar conquests, also got alarmed by this move of Haider. The Bombay now Mumbai Government too was greatly perturbed by the report of these attacks on Malabar; but Haider conveniently handled the affair.

Before the hostility between the two powers was transformed into an open rupture, Haider tried to effect an alliance with the English which would serve as a means for securing his end.

He made several overtures; once he proposed to the Bombay now Mumbai Government an offensive alliance of three powers-the Company, the Nizam and himself against the Marathas. But the English paid little attention to Haider's offers, though they adopted a policy of peace towards him.

The British alliance with Muhammad Ali and the frequent border disputes between Mysore and the governments of Madras now Chennai and Bombay now Mumbai further estranged the relations between Haider and the English.

Anglo-Mysore Wars - Wikipedia

The British were moreover incensed by a rumour that Haider was trying an alliance with Nizam Ali; them in order to isolate Mysore, in turn attempted and succeeded in bringing Nizam Ali to their side. Peshwa Madhav Rao, already a friend and ally of the Nizam, who was at the time engaged in plundering some of the territories of Mysore, was also brought in.

Tipu's army were outnumbered 4: Mysore had 35, soldiers, whereas the British commanded 60, troops. The Nizam of Hyderabad and the Marathas launched an invasion from the north. The British won a decisive victory at the Siege of Seringapatam Tipu was killed during the defence of the city.

explain the importance of anglo mysore relationship

Much of the remaining Mysorean territory was annexed by the British, the Nizam and the Marathas. The remaining core, around Mysore and Seringapatamwas restored to the Indian prince belonging to the Wodeyar dynasty, whose forefathers had been the actual rulers before Hyder Ali became the de facto ruler. He invaded a tiny kingdom of Travancore. The king of the state happened to be a friend of the English and the Company Government was responsible for his security.

Essay on Anglo-Mysore Relations in the 18th Century

They thus prepared for war against him. With the result the English, the Marathas and the Nizam formed an alliance against Tipu. Their combined forces fought against the armies of Tipu. This war known as Third Anglo-Mysore War lasted for two years.

The forces of Tipu appeared to be too powerful. Lord Cornwallis therefore himself took the battle field as the Commander-in-Chief. At last his army reached the capital of Tipu Sultan Srirangapattan. Outside the capital Tipu fought a heroic battle but it became difficult for him to resist the English army. Tipu therefore agreed for peace. A treaty was signed known as the Treaty of Srirangapattan in According to the terms of the treaty Tipu surrendered half of his territory to enemies which was divided among themselves by the English, the Marathas and the Nizam.

Tipu paid three million pounds to the English as war compensation. Further for his good conduct in future he was forced to send two of his sons to Cornwallis as hostages. Any peace with him was temporary.

Study Notes on the Anglo-Mysore Wars

He did not fight with English as long as Cornwallis stayed but after his departure once again war with Tipu became inevitable. The Treaty of Srirangapattan however was a humiliating treaty with an Indian independent ruler. The most outstanding imperialist Governor General Lord Wellesley introduced the Subsidiary Alliance to curb the independent authority of Indian native states. The weak Nizam of Hyderabad sold his sovereignty to the English in order to gain security. Tipu Sultan, the brave warrior-ruler of Mysore could not even dream of accepting an alliance like that.

He was a relentless enemy of the British.

explain the importance of anglo mysore relationship

Though defeated in the last battle he never gave up his will to fight again. He was in search of an opportunity to avenge his earlier defeats. By a series of measures he tried to improve the stability of his kingdom.