Lesotho's relationship with the world
By , a man called Moshoeshoe, the leader of a small chiefdom, had managed to bring the Fokeng The Basotho kingdom and its neighbours in the s. Oxford-educated King Moshoeshoe II as Head of State. Lekhanya, who Relations with our neighbours that the recent vicissitudes in South African- Lesotho relations must be main characteristics of Lesotho's economy is its permeability. been his enemies and he established good relationships with his neighbours. As his kingdom grew, whole chiefdom's joined him for protection.
The name was later changed to Thaba Bosiu or "mountain at night" because it was believed to grow during the night and shrink during day.
It proved to be an impassable stronghold against enemies. This section does not cite any sources. January Learn how and when to remove this template message The most significant role Moshoeshoe played as a diplomat was his acts of friendship towards his beaten enemies. He provided land and protection to various people and this strengthened the growing Basotho nation.
Queen Manthatisi () | Ntando PZ Mbatha
His influence and followers grew with the integration of a number of refugees and victims of the wars of calamity.
Guns were introduced with the arrival of the Dutch from the Cape Colony and Moshoeshoe determined that he needed these and a white advisor. From other tribes, he heard of the benefits missionaries brought.
By chance, three representatives of the Society arrived in the heart of southern Africa: Moshoeshoe brought them to his kingdom. From to Casalis played the role of Moshoeshoe's Foreign Advisor. With his knowledge of the non-African world, he was able to inform and advise the king in his dealings with hostile foreigners. He also served as an interpreter for Moshoeshoe in his dealings with white people, and documented the Sesotho language.
In the late s, Boer trekkers from the Cape Colony showed up on the western borders of Basutoland and subsequently claimed land rights.
The trekkers' pioneer in this area was Jan de Winnaarwho settled in the Matlakeng area in May—June As more farmers were moving into the area they tried to colonise the land between the two rivers, even north of the Caledonclaiming that it had been "abandoned" by the Sotho people. Moshoeshoe, when hearing of the trekker settlement above the junction, stated that " The next 30 years were marked by conflicts.
Among the provisions of this treaty was the annexation of a tract of land now called the Orange River Sovereignty that many Boers had settled.
The outraged Boers were suppressed in a brief skirmish inbut remained bitter at both the British and the Sotho.
A British force was defeated by the Sotho army at Kolonyama, touching off an embarrassing war for the British. After repulsing another British attack inMoshoeshoe sent an appeal to the British commander that allowed him to save face.
Once again, diplomacy saved the Sotho kingdom. After a final defeat of the Tloka inMoshoeshoe reigned supreme. The culture of the region permeated the travellers and moved on with most of them. Today, Southern Sotho is spoken in lands far distant from Lesotho, because of these adventurers and others. The first French Missionaries came upon Lesotho almost by accident. The appeal of King Moshoeshoe in the year changed their lives and those of many others, forever. The exchange of culture between the new visitors to Lesotho made differences on both sides of the divide.
Moshoeshoe I - Wikipedia
The missionaries bought modern ideas to the newly forming nation of the Basotho. Then regular reports from the stations at Morija and later at Thaba Bosiu, told the world the news of the Great King Moshoeshoe and his peaceful but invincible people. Early relationships with the Basotho were cordial and exchanges were warm and generally fruitful.
King Moshoeshoe was recognised by the British authorities in place in the Cape of Good Hope, as the legitimate ruler of his territories in More visitors, some successful, other less so and less respectable came to Lesotho to collect their share of Basotho culture; Governor Napier, Sir Peregrine Maitland and Sir Harry Smith, were early visitors, in body or in mind, to the region and full of promises. Sir George Grey and Lt. Sir George Cathcart lost their battles but left more enlightened and probably feeling indebted to their Basotho adversary.
Then from one emissary to the next for 98 years the British came and went. And so did the lands of King Moshoeshoe, at the whim of one Governor or the other.