14 best . Medusa images on Pinterest | Greek Mythology, Jellyfish and Medusa
As I mentioned before, I have had relations with the sea god, Poseidon (or as some of you Romans call him, Neptune). He was the ruler of the oceans and the . See, the story goes that she was a priestess of Athena's, but then she slept with Poseidon in Athena's temple. Now, Athena wasn't like her sister. Do you know your Perseus from your Achilles? Let's put you to the test! 1 of Who reigned as king of the gods at Mount Olympus? Zeus. Poseidon. Cronus.
She is usually represented with helmet, spear, and shield or aegis that bore a depiction of the head of Medusa. Athena herself as victorious war goddess was called Athena Nike and the simple but elegant temple of Athena Nike stands to the right of the entrance to the Acropolis.
The contest took place on the Acropolis. Poseidon struck the rock with his trident and produced a salt spring or a horse. Athena brought forth an olive tree from the ground by the touch of her spear and she was proclaimed the victor.
The olive was fundamental to Athenian economy and life. A Panathenaic procession wound its way through the city ending with the presentation of an embroidered robe peplos to Athena on the Acropolis.
Athenians young and old, male and female carrying sacred implements, leading sacrificial animals, with chariots or on horseback, figured in the procession. It is a most beautiful Doric temple even in its ruined state todayand its sculpture created under the aegis of the great Athenian sculptor Pheidias bears tribute to Athena herself and her city and all that they mean forever.
Other divine figures are present at the miracle. At the corners, the horses of Helius the Sun and those of Selene the Moon set the momentous event in cosmic time.
On either side, figures of Athenian divinities and heroic kings are witnesses. Athenian men and women are shown as marshals, attendants, horsemen, hoplites and assistants in the worship, along with the animals of ritual sacrifice.
At the climax the ceremonial robe is presented to a priestess of Athena while, on either side, enthroned Olympian deities witness the joyous celebration of civic piety.
What woes did Danae endure on the wide sea through her sire's mad rage! Mair Greek poet C3rd B. Jones Greek geographer C1st B.
Perilaus [historical], however, when he became tyrant, pulled it down. Oldfather Greek historian C1st B. Perseus by Danae, daughter of Acrisius. Brookes More Roman epic C1st B. He would not even grant that Perseus from the loins of Jupiter [Zeus] was got of Danae in the showering gold. So mighty is the hidden power of truth, Acrisius soon lamented that affront to Bacchus, and that ever he refused to own his grandson.
Rouse Greek epic C5th A. Right on the back of his quiver of lovebolts he had engraved with letters of gold a sentence in verse for each. I too should have been glad to see a wedding of gold, Zeus of the Rain, if the mother of Perseus had not first stolen that honour from thee. Heroic son of Zeus and Danae. The mother of Perseus. A fisherman of Seriphos, foster-father of Perseus. The king of Seriphos, brother of Diktys. King of Pisa in Elis, killed the suitors of his daughter in a chariot race.
Daughter of Oinomaos whose own daughters would one day marry Perseus' sons. One of three Gorgones, the only mortal one. Three monstrous women with serpents for hair, wings, and claws.
Three old sea-hags, sisters of the Gorgones. Three beautiful maidens, keepers of the treasures of the gods. God of Travellers, helpmate of Perseus. Patron goddess of heroes, helpmate of Perseus. God-King of the Sea, lover of Medousa. A winged horse born from Medousa's neck stump.
A giant born from Medousa's neck stump. An Aegean island, south of mainland Greece. The Greek name for the continent of Africa. He fell in love with Danae, but was unable to have sex with her, now that Perseus was a grown man, so he got together his friends, Perseus among them, and told them he was collecting contributions to offer for the hand of Hippodameia, daughter of Oinomaos Oenomaus.
He asked for horses from the others, but, because he got no horses from Perseus and because Perseus had said that he would not deny Polydektes even the Gorgo's [Medousa's] head, he assigned him the task of fetching that very object.
The three of them possessed only one eye and one tooth among them, which they took turns using. Perseus appropriated these and when they demanded them back, he said he would return them after they had directed him to the Nymphai Nymphs. These Nymphai had in their possession winged sandals and the kibisis, which they say was a knapsack. When the Phorkides had led Perseus to the Nymphai, he returned them their tooth and eye. Approaching the Nymphai he received what he had come for, and he flung on the kibisis, tied the sandals on his ankles, and placed the helmet on his head.
With the helmet on he could see whomever he cared to look at, but was invisible to others. Perseus took flight and made his way to the Okeanos Oceanuswhere he found the Gorgones sleeping. Their names were Stheno, Euryale, and the third was Medousa Medusathe only mortal one: The Gorgones' heads were entwined with the horny scales of serpents, and they had big tusks like hogs, bronze hands, and wings of gold on which they flew.
All who looked at them were turned to stone. Perseus, therefore, with Athena guiding his hand, kept his eyes on the reflection in a bronze shield as he stood over the sleeping Gorgones, and when he saw the image of Medousa, he beheaded her.
The father of these two was Poseidon. But the helmet kept him hidden, and made it impossible for them to identify him. When sent by Polydectes, son of Magnes, to the Gorgones, he received from Mercurius [Hermes], who is thought to have loved him, talaria and petasus, and, in addition, a helmet which kept its wearer from being seen by an enemy.
So the Greeks have called it the helmet of Haides [the Unseen], though Perseus did not, as some ignorant people interpret it, wear the helmet of Orcus [Haides] himself, for no educated person could believe that. He is said, too, to have received from Vulcanus [Hephaistos] a knife made of adamant, with which he killed Medusa the Gorgon. The deed itself no one has described. But as Aeschylus, the writer of tragedies, says in his Phorcides, the Graeae were guardians of the Gorgons. We wrote about them in the first book of the Genealogiae.
They are thought to have had but one eye among them, and thus to have kept guard, watch one taking it in her turn. This eye Perseus snatches, as one was passing it to another, and threw is in Lake Tritonis. So, when the guards were blinded, he easily killed the Gorgon when she was overcome with sleep. Minerva [Athena] is said to have the head on her breastplate. Euhemerus says the Gorgon was killed by Minerva. With her lay the Dark-haired One [Poseidon] in a soft meadow amid spring flowers.
And when Perseus cut off her head, there sprang forth great Khrysaor Chrysaor and the horse Pegasos Pegasus who is so called because he was born near the springs pegai of Okeanos.
On his feet he had winged sandals, and his black-sheathed sword was slung across his shoulders by a cross-belt of bronze. He was flying swift as thought. The head of a dreadful monster, the Gorgo, covered the broad of his back, and a bag of silver--a marvel to see--contained it: Upon the head of the hero lay the dread cap of Aides Hades which had the awful gloom of night.
Perseus himself, the son of Danae, was at full stretch, like one who hurries and shudders with horror. And after him rushed the Gorgones, unapproachable and unspeakable, longing to seize him: Two serpents hung down at their girdles with heads curved forward: And upon the awful heads of the Gorgones great Phobos Fear was quaking. From those dread maidens' lips was heard streaming, and from those writhing serpent heads untouchable, when Perseus o'er [Medousa Medusa ] the third of those fell sisters launched his cry of triumph, and bropught fatal doom to Seriphos by the sea--doom for that isle and for her people.
But when the goddess maid delivered from these labours the man she loved, then she contrived the manifold melodies of the flute, to make in music's notes an image of the shrill lamenting cries, strung from Euryale's ravening jaws. A goddess found, but finding, gave the strain to mortal men to hold, naming it the tune of many heads.
It was with these that Perseus the warrior chief once feasted, entering their homes, and chanced upon their sacrifices unto the god, those famous offerings of hecatombs of asses; for in their banquets and rich praise Apollon greatly delights.
They dwell secure from fate's remorseless vengeance. Perseus travelled to the mythical land of the Hyperboreans in the far north while searching for the Nymphai Nymphs who possessed the three magical treasures he required for his task--the winged boots, the curved sword, and the kibisis or sack. The Phorcides was the second of Aeschylus trilogy of plays describing the story of Perseus. The plot revolved around Perseus' quest for the head of Medousa. The Graiai or Grey Onessisters of the Gorgones, formed the chorus.
Aeschylus, Fragment Phorcides from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists ix. Weir Smyth Greek tragedy C5th B. Vellacott Greek tragedy C5th B. There, I stretch it out, as if I were cutting off a Gorgo's head. Fashioning men as statues from top to toe he shall envelop them in stone--he that stole the lamp of his three wandering guides.
The harvester" is Perseus; "the weasel" is Medousa; "the horse and man" are Pegasos and Khrysaor; "the wandering guides" are the Graiai. Way Greek epic C4th A. There are also represented Nymphai Nymphs bestowing upon Perseus, who is starting on his enterprise against Medousa Medusa in Libya, a cap and the shoes by which he was to be carried through the air.
Only Perseus has his name inscribed on him. I omit the miraculous, but give the rational parts of the story about her. After the death of her father, Phorkys Phorcysshe reigned over those living around Lake Tritonis, going out hunting and leading the Libyans to battle.
On one such occasion, when she was encamped with an army over against the forces of Perseus, who was followed by picked troops from the Peloponnesos, she was assassinated by night. Perseus, admiring her beauty even in death, cut off her head and carried it to show the Greeks.
But Prokles Proclesthe son of Eukrates, a Carthaginian, thought a different account more plausible than the preceding. It is as follows.
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Among the incredible monsters to be found in the Libyan desert are wild men and wild women. Prokles affirmed that he had seen a man from them who had been brought to Rome.
So he guessed that a woman wandered from them, reached Lake Tritonis, and harried the neighbours until Perseus killed her; Athena was supposed to have helped him in this exploit, because the people who live around Lake Tritonis are sacred to her.
Furthermore, the manly prowess of those of whom we are now about to write presupposes an amazing pre-eminence when compared with the nature of the women of our day.
These were wont to share in turn a single eye between them: Along the way, in fields and by the roads, I saw on all sides men and animals--like statues--turned to flinty stone at sight of dread Medusa's visage.
Nevertheless reflected on the brazen shield, I bore upon my left, I saw her horrid face. When she was helpless in the power of sleep and even her serpent-hair was slumber-bound, I struck, and took her head sheer from the neck. Goold Roman elegy C1st B. Mozley Roman epic C1st A. He crept up on tiptoe, keeping his footfall noiseless, and with hollowed hand and robber's fist caught the roving eye of Phorkys' unsleeping daughter [the Graia Graea ], then shore off the snaky swathe of one Medousa Medusawhile her womb was still burdened and swollen with young, still in foal of Pegasos Pegasus ; what good if the sickle played the part of childbirth Eileithyia, and reaped the neck of the pregnant Gorgon, firstfruits of a horsebreeding neck?
There was no battle when swiftshoe Perseus lifted the lifeless token of victory, the snaky sheaf of Gorgon hair, relics of the head dripping drops of blood, gently wheezing a half-heard hiss through the severed throats. Perseus fled with flickering wings trembling at the hiss of mad Sthenno's hairy snakes, although he bore the cap of Haides and the sickle of Pallas [Athena], with Hermes' wings though Zeus was his father; he sailed a fugitive on swiftest shoes, listening for no trumpet but [the Gorgon] Euryale's bellowing--having despoiled a little Libyan hole!
Have you had the task of Perseus? Have you seen the eye of [the Gorgon] Sthenno which turns all to stone, or the bellowing invincible throat of [the Gorgon] Euryale herself?
Have you seen the tresses of viperhair Medousa Medusaand have the open mouths of her tangled serpents run round you? Akrisios' Acrisius' daughter [Danae] bore the Gorgonslayer, a son worthy of my Zeus, for winged Perseus did not throw down my [Athena's] sickle, and he thanked Hermeias for lending his shoes.
He had taken the travelling eye of Phorkys' old one-eyed daughter unsleeping [the Graia Graea ]; he dived into the dangerous cave [of the Gorgones], reaped the hissing harvest by the rockside, the firstfruits of curling hair, sliced the Gorgon's teeming throat and stained his sickle red. He cut off the head and bathed a bloodstained in the viperish dew; then as Medousa was slain, the neck was delivered of its twin birth, the Horse [Pegasos] and the Boy [Khrysaor Chrysaor ] with the golden sword.
A proverb [applied] to those concealing themselves with certain devices. For such was the helmet of Haides, which Perseus used when he killed the Gorgon.
She [who was] also called Gorgon. Perseus, the son of Danae and Pekos Pecus [Zeus], having learned all the mystic apparitions and wanting to establish for himself his own kingdom, despised that of the Medes [Persians]. The head he called Gorgon, because of its sheer force. A Titan who bore the heavens upon his shoulders and ancestor of Perseus Family Tree: A mythical garden in the far west where the golden apples grew.
Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. Rieu Greek epic C3rd B. It was too sluggish to attack a man who showed now wish to harm it, or to fly at anyone who shrank away.
And yet, for any creature living on the face of Mother Earth, one drop of its black poison in his veins was short cut to the world below.
Medusa and Poseidon - Medusa: Victim or Villain?
For when the godlike Perseus, whom his mother called Eurymedon, flew over Libye Libya brining the Gorgon's newly severed head to the king, every drop of dark blood that fell from it to the ground produced a brood of these serpents.
Thence wafted by the never-constant winds through boundless latitudes, now here now there, as flits a vapour-cloud in dizzy flight, down-looking from the lofty skies on earth, removed far, so compassed he the world. Three times did he behold the frozen Bears, times thrice his gaze was on the Crab's bent arms. Now shifting to the west, now to the east, how often changed his course? Time came, when day declining, he began to fear the night, by which he stopped his flight far in the west--the realm of Atlas--where he sought repose till Lucifer the Morning Star might call Aurora's the Dawn's [Eos'] fires; Aurora chariot of the Day.
There dwelt huge Atlas, vaster than the race of man: For him a thousand flocks, a thousand herds overwandered pasture fields; and neighbour tribes might none disturb that land. Aglint with gold bright leaves adorn the trees,--boughs golden-wrought bear apples of pure gold. The glory of your deeds is all pretense; even Jupiter, will fail your need.