Egypt-Israel 'cold peace' suffers a further chill - BBC News
Ties between Egypt and Israel date to , when both nations Relations grew strained in under Egypt's Supreme Council of the. Cairo believes that relations with Israel are strategically and diplomatically by the storming of the Israeli Embassy in Egypt during September Until recently, relations between Israel and Egypt relied on Washington as. For almost half of its existence as a state, of all its neighbours Israel has enjoyed its most cordial relations with Egypt, particularly under the.
Nasser closed the Suez Canal as well as the Straits of Tiran, a vital access point for natural gas and trade, to Israel.
Israel invaded the Sinai with French and British support, only withdrawing after international and U. Perhaps the most important of the Arab-Israeli conflicts is the War. Israel anticipated the attack, and preemptively bombed the Egyptian forces, chasing them back from the Sinai and completely destroying their air force.
The last war between Egypt and Israel was the war. Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on the Israelis during Yom Kippur, the holiest Jewish holiday, catching the Israelis off guard.
Initially the Egyptians and Syrians were able to make territorial gains against the Israelis, but Israel eventually cut off the attacking forces and launched a counterattack of their own. A ceasefire was brokered with the mediation of the U.
Egypt-Israel 'cold peace' suffers a further chill
In response, protesters stormed the Israeli embassy. During the protests, Ahmad Al-Shahhat climbed to the roof of the Israeli Embassy and removed the Israeli flag, which was then burned by protesters. The attackers broke through the Kerem Shalom border crossing to Israel, where one of the vehicles exploded. They then engaged in a firefight with soldiers of the Israel Defense Forcesduring which six of the attackers were killed.
No Israelis were injured.
The fence will stretch along kilometers, from the Kerem Shalom passage in the north to Eilat in the south. The fence was planned to block the infiltration of refugees and asylum seekers from Africa, but took on heightened urgency with the fall of Mubarak's regime. With full Israeli consent, the Egyptian military has been engaging in an unprecedented military campaign to crush the Sinai insurgency since August InIsrael permitted the Egyptian army to supplement its police units with two divisions, commando forces, and air support into northern Sinai as part of Operation Sinai.
Egypt also permits Israel to carry out numerous drone strikes in Sinai against Jihadi insurgents.
The Reality of Israel-Egypt Relations
The decision represents a shift in Egyptian policy towards the Palestinian movement that hitherto only its military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades IDQBwas defined a terror organization. The background for the policy shift is much more rational than ideological. Cooperation between Wilayat Sinai and the IDQB has reportedly increased in the past two years in the form of weapons smuggling from Sinai into the Strip and the training of Wilayat fighters by Hamas.
But while Israel and Egypt share the view of Hamas as a terrorist organization and Israel has increased intelligence sharing with Egypt, their tactics are not necessarily in concert. Sisi allows the opening of the Rafah crossings—the only non-Israeli-controlled entry way into the Strip—only periodically with frequent closing s.
From toEgyptian authorities razed over 3, homes in Rafah in order to widen the 0. Conversely, Israel, for the moment, prefers Hamas to remain in control in Gaza. From the Israeli perspective, the likely alternatives to Hamas are far worse. This includes a number of radical groups such as the Iran-backed Islamic Jihad, other smaller Jihadist groups, and the Population Resistance Committees, an umbrella of several Palestinian militant factions.
These groups have no clear political or social platforms. Militants often challenge Hamas's authority by attacking Israel from Gaza or from Sinai.