Vertical and horizontal relationship

Relationship: Vertical & Horizontal — Intentionally Yours

vertical and horizontal relationship

Small-business owners can understand both their companies and industries in terms of vertical and horizontal relationships. In your industry, seeing how. It may be easiest to conceptualize horizontal relationships as those in contradistinction to vertical relationships. If you think about a family tree. Our vertical relationship with God is the most important relationship we can have. Our horizontal relationships stems from our vertical.

What Are the Differences Between Vertical & Horizontal in Strategic Management?

HE does not move, it is we who grow nearer or further from Him. Understanding that, think of your relationship with God. The way you talk, pray, seek to know Him, look to Him for guidance and steps of obedience; this is your "vertical" relationship with Him. Your understanding however that might look for you that God is with us.


Imagine for a moment that the cross on the hill is suddenly without the vertical portion. What happens to the horizontal part of the cross? It crashes to the ground, right? Vertical affects Horizontal Relationships The same can be said of your horizontal relationships the people around you when your vertical relationship with God is not in place or is wavering.

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All of your earthly relationships, whether you know it or acknowledge it, are held up or let down by the condition of your vertical relationship with God. If your relationship with God is not in the right place, all of the relationships with the people in your life will be affected or fall. Remember what Jesus said just before He gave up His life on the cross?

vertical and horizontal relationship

Here's my two cents: It was the work of Him always being with us; when we submit to Christ as our Lord, the Holy Spirit is always in us. Based on this technological learning, companies in developing countries acquired the skills they needed to select, assimilate, adapt, and improve imported technologies.


Technological learning processes quickly became critical for developing countries seeking competitive leverage. Technology learning includes learning skills and knowledge incorporated by workers, facilities, and organizational systems to enable change in production and the adopted techniques.

Moreover, technology learning can occur through informal or unstructured mechanisms that also create internal innovative skills in the companies Campos et al. The generation of knowledge through external sources in the learning by the interacting process, especially between the agents of an industry cluster has been the object of several studies Freeman, ; Casas et al. This literature has shown that the presence of additional knowledge and cooperative behavior leads to cognitive interaction between agents that, in turn, promotes the generation of new knowledge.

Knowledge transfer in the industry cluster environment occurs when the learning processes allow a combination of knowledge originally coming from different firms or when local knowledge is combined with knowledge from outside the cluster Lam, ; Giaretta, Learning through interacting is learning from relationships between the company and its customers, between the company and its suppliers, between the company and its competitors, and between the company and research centers, universities, and other organizations, such as public institutions Lundvall et al.

vertical and horizontal relationship

Learning from within industry clusters is related to highly facilitated interactions based on standards that reinforce confidence between the agents. However, the externalities generated by industry clusters are insufficient, which calls for joint actions and interactions between the companies of the cluster to ensure collective gains Schmitz, As stated by McCormicklearning by interacting is a key aspect of the new context of economic and technological development, and geographic proximity becomes an important feature to promote the exchange of tacit knowledge.

Local clusters are therefore essential in the pursuit of competitiveness and innovative technological dynamism.

vertical and horizontal relationship

Emphasis on interaction is related to the conditions and context in which these companies are inserted, facilitated by the proximity of the agents Cassiolato et al. The channels that allow the circulation of this information are inserted in a social, political, and cultural context heavily oriented toward or limited by the institutional structure FINEP, ; Casagrande, ; IPEA, This approach to innovation causes policies to emphasize interaction between institutions to ensure interactive processes are conducted in the creation, diffusion, and application of knowledge FINEP, According to Cassiolato et al.

Social relationships are the most important channel for the flow of information, facilitated by geographical proximity and the establishment of networks based on trust. Consequently, companies in a cluster are able to acquire components and services faster, which facilitate innovation due to the lower cost of experimentation and the reduced financial cost of innovation.

vertical and horizontal relationship

However, as pointed out by Porterinnovation can also lead to problems in a cluster in situations where competition between the companies is reduced and when innovations are so radical, they invalidate a part of the cluster or even the entire cluster. In this case, we can cite the case of new products that result in the discontinuation of old products. Furthermore, these localized production structures attracted the increasing attention of public organs and institutions by actions and measures to support the competitiveness of the companies.

vertical and horizontal relationship