CONPES 3292 DE 2004 PDF

of June , the National Council for .. l6 This action was also recommended in CONPES () “Plan de expansidn portuaria. surveys. From through , Colombia’s competitiveness ranking by the World Specifically, CONPES put more emphasis on the. Document CONPES of Document CONPES of De scribe any training or capacity‑building programmes for government officials.

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Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. The key issue dealt with in the paper is the endogeneity of the subsidy in such an equation.

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: However, one must be aware of the fact that the key assumption of the regression discontinuity design would be plausible in cases in which boundaries are determined according to characteristics uncorrelated with the independent variables in the hedonic price equation and, in particular, the subsidy, which is the variable of interest and the unobserved error term.

Clearly, from the policy point of view, it seems very important to understand the distortions associated with the cross subsidy system and the specific stratification strategy that guides subsidy assignment.

Raquel Bernal:

Intuitively, the authors claim that while there is significant heterogeneity across strata conles, as expected, homogeneity within stratum the location of the exact boundaries can be arbitrary to a great extent because a very large number of dwellings were assigned to very few groups six in total.

Without cookies your experience may not be seamless. However, in this case, it is clear that considerations about socioeconomic characteristics of houses, households, and neighborhoods are crucial in determining the boundaries.

To deal with this issue, the authors implement a type of regression discontinuity design RDD by taking advantage of the stratification system by which households are assigned to one of six socioeconomic strata that are then used to target differential subsidies for public utility services.

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This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. These results might suggest that the stratification The basic estimation strategy is to estimate a relatively standard cinpes price model in which public utility subsidies received or paid by a given dwelling have an effect on the price of the house, controlling for a variety of observed characteristics of the house and the neighborhood.

Thus the authors argue that it is plausible to expect characteristics of households and neighborhoods to be quite similar at the boundaries. Thus in the data one will observe that the higher the subsidy, the lower the price of the house. The critical issue is, then, that all [End Page 87] relevant characteristics pertaining to house, neighborhood, and stratum are not observed or measured.

Book titles OR Journal titles. Intuitively, their exercise provides a way of calculating how much more people pay for houses located in areas with higher subsidies for public utilities DPS. Unobserved variables, for example, would be the provision of public goods at the stratum level or neighborhood characteristics within and across strata. Built on the Johns Hopkins University Campus. Subsidies to Households or Distortion of Housing Prices?

The results reported in the 204 indicate that, in fact, even for houses located very close to conpfs boundary, at least 50 percent of the observed clnpes of dwellings are statistically conpe different on both sides of the boundary. Clearly, for this design to be valid, one would require that subsidies make a discrete jump at the boundaries while neighborhoods continue to change in a smooth manner at the boundaries.

Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential 200 and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Contact Contact Us Help. Stratification and Public Utility Services in Colombia: From both these perspectives, this paper is an important contribution.

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In particular, the estimation strategy consists of using strata boundary dummies to account for any unobserved characteristics shared by houses on either side of the boundary. Similarly, houses that receive low subsidies or pay contributions are located in higher socioeconomic strata that is, richer neighborhoods and thus are associated with higher prices. Thus, in a sense, the estimation strategy provides the value that individuals place on higher subsidies.

Therefore, one cannot expect these boundaries to perfectly divide fundamentally different neighborhoods. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves. As a result, the estimate of the effect of the subsidy on housing prices could be biased in this particular example, one would expect the estimate to be downwardly biased in a simple OLS ordinary least squares estimation that does not account for the unobserved characteristics of houses and neighborhoods that are also associated with housing prices.

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In other words, estimating the causal effect of DPS subsidies on housing prices is difficult because houses that receive high subsidies are located in lower socioeconomic strata that is, poorer neighborhoods and thus are associated with lower prices. View freely available titles: In addition, they use their estimates to assess the extent to which the distortions in housing prices associated with the subsidy-stratification system affect final subsidy beneficiaries.