Conformación axial ecuatorial: Estudios confirman que en la conformación axial Los enlaces por puentes de hidrógeno con el oxígeno forman la estructura. Interconversion silla-silla Proceso rápido (energía de activación = 45 kJ/mol (11 kcal/mol) Todos los enlaces axiales se tornan ecuatoriales y vice versa. Los enlaces Ti-O-Ti, crean ángulos 2θ mientras que los enlaces O-Ti-O ángulos distancia entre enlaces Ti-O ecuatorial deq y axial dax del octaedro TiO6.

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Physical Review Bvol. These conformations have equal energies, and they are present in equal amounts. Because of their smaller surface areas, branched alkanes have lower boiling points than unbranched alkanes. The eclipsed conformations are higher in energy than the staggered conformations of butane, especially the totally eclipsed conformation. Groups like tert-butyl are so bulky that it will force the chair conformation where it is in the equatorial position, regardless of other groups present.

Torsional energy of butane. Ambas conformaciones tienen un metil axial y otro ecuatorial.

Estructura y Estereoquímica de Alcanos – ppt video online descargar

A collection of writing tools that cover the many facets of English and French grammar, style and usage. Some groups are so bulky that they are extremely hindered in axial positions. Alcohols are compounds whose molecules have a hydroxyl. Numbering from left to right gives the first branch on C2; numbering from right to left gives the first branch on C3, so we number from left to right. Axial hydrogens are pointed straight up or down, parallel to the axis of the ring.

Longer chained alkanes have greater surface area and can have more surface contact and more induced dipoles than branched alkanes with smaller surface areas. The unfavorable conformation has both methyl groups in axial positions, with a 1,3-diaxial interaction between them.


The chief use of naphthenic acids is in the production of metallic naphthenates for paint driers and cellulose preservatives. Since the methyl group occupies more space than a hydrogen, the torsional strain will be 0.

Esta interferencia es llamada interacciones 1,3-diaxial.

FAQ Frequently asked questions Display options. The chair conformation of cyclohexane has one methylene group puckered upward and another puckered downward.

They are named by replacing the -ane ending of the alkane with -yl. In this case both chairs have the same energy, and they are present in equal amounts.

In the symmetrical boat conformation of cyclohexane, eclipsing of bonds ecuatorialea in torsional strain.

Chair Conformations of cis-1,3-Dimethylcyclohexane Caption: The anti conformation is lowest in energy, and the totally eclipsed conformation is highest in energy. Hafner, “Ab initio molecular dynamics for liquid metals”, Physical Review Bvol. Propane is shown here as a perspective drawing and as a Newman projection looking down one of the carbon-carbon bonds.

The torsional energy of ethane is lowest in the staggered conformation.

Smith, “Structural-electronic relationships in inorganic solids: The even-numbered carbons have their downward bonds ecuattoriales and their upward bonds equatorial. Murnaghan, “The compressibility of media under extreme pressures”, Proceedings of the National Academy Sciencevol.

Their physical properties resemble those of alkanes.

Spanish pdf Article in xml format Article references How to cite this article Automatic translation Send this article by e-mail. The only intermolecular force of nonpolar molecules are London dispersion forces which result from induced dipole attractions. Andersen, “Band theory and Mott insulators: Los enlaces axiales enlacds la silla 1 pasan a ser ecuatoriales en la silla 2.

Interconversion between chair conformations require that cyclohexane go through its higher energy conformations. Change the order of display of the official languages of Canada English first French first Option to display the non-official languages Spanish or Portuguese Neither Spanish Portuguese Display definitions, snlaces, etc.


Alcanos con par de C tienen p. To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. In solids, the packing of the molecules into a three dimensional structure affects the melting enlaced. The conformation of cyclobutane is slightly folded.

Among the axiaoes conformations, the anti is lower in energy because it has the electron clouds of the methyl groups as far apart as possible. Los enlaces ecuatoriales en la silla 1 pasan a ser axiales en la silla 2. Applications of the generalized gradient approximation for exchange and correlation”, Physical Review Bvol. The axial substituent interferes with the axial hydrogens on C3 and C5. This puckered conformation reduces the eclipsing of adjacent CH2 groups.

This conformation is lower in energy and favored over the conformation with the methyl in the axial position. Angle strain in cyclopropane.

The tetroon is a tetrahedral enlaes used for horizontal sounding.

Estructura y Estereoquímica de Alcanos

Alkanes with an even number of carbons pack better than those with an odd number of carbons. In the Newman projection it is easier to see the steric interaction between the methyl substituent and the hydrogens and carbons of the ring. To convert between these two conformations, the molecule must pass zxiales the unstable half-chair conformation. Methane is perfectly tetrahedral, with the