Pursuant to Sections 37 and 77 of Republic Act No. , an Act Ordaining. Reforms in the Philippine Electric Power Industry, otherwise known as the. “ Electric. FIFTEEN YEARS ago, Congress enacted the Electric Power Industry Reform Act ( Republic Act No. , aka Epira), aimed to achieve reliable. Congress of the Philippines Eleventh Congress Third Regular Session REPUBLIC ACT NO AN ACT ORDAINING REFORMS IN THE ELECTRIC POWER.

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The flaw in fpira system was that gencos that did not want to dispatch power could artificially jack up their prices to the WESM-allowable maximum, so their electricity would be the last priority for dispatch. NPC was granted an authorized capital stock of P 50 billion corresponding to million shares of stock at P par value, of which , shares were issued equivalent to P las Font Size A A A.

The bill also covers VAT and feed in tariffs and so on. But even as contracted prices do not readily adjust to short-term market fluctuations, the WESM made it possible for consumers to still benefit immediately from this reprieve.

Fast expansion in power generation means fast expansion in power consumption and electricity prices are more affordable so the people use more electricity.

Compliance to these criteria is measured in three levels: But in dire straits, such as in the post-Yolanda period, even the most expensive last-priority offer ended up being dispatched, leading to the incredible price hike.

Shortcut for FAQ page. The way the WESM works, all participating gencos must submit, for every trading session, generation offers that include the minimum and maximum megawatts they can generate, and at what price. Work is being done to make the system fully compliant with this level. Critics have called for its review or even outright repeal due to its supposed ineffectiveness. While intended as a venue for market competition to set power prices, many see the WESM as a venue for alleged collusion among generation companies gencos instead.


Inits charter was revised by virtue of Republic Actas amended.

Significant capacity additions occurred only in with We reserve the eira to exclude comments which are inconsistent with our editorial standards. Thursday, 11 October Napocor inaugurates first mini grid in Palawan Friday, 21 September Napocor restores power to Typhoon Ompong affected islands and off-grid areas Thursday, 06 September Napocor remits dividends to the national coffers Thursday, 30 August Napocor terminates water spilling operations at San Roque dam.

Epira is working

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These include generation, distribution, and transmission charges — the three costliest items — as well as supply, universal, system loss, and metering charges. This means the private owners of NPC-privatized power plants were more efficient in optimizing the capacity and efficiency of those plants. We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. On the other hand, TransCo was created to take over the electric transmission function of NPC and the responsibility for planning construction and centralized operation and maintenance of high voltage transmission facilities including grid interconnections and ancillary services.

But our electricity prices have stayed high and consistently among the highest in the region. By continuing, you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

The EPIRA is working | BusinessWorld

This suggests low productivity and efficiency under the NPC. The cheapest power sources are prioritized for dispatch to consumers. That September dip was in fact the lowest since Octoberwhen record rainfall levels close to high power-consuming Metro Manila brought about cooler weather, and also led to higher dispatch of cheap hydroelectric power. Competition can pressure price declines overall while improving electricity supply quality and reliability.


This certifies it as a stable and referenceable technical standard. With these, electricity prices should go down. Before that law, the government-owned National Power Corporation NPC was the single-biggest debtor agency and the single-biggest deficit generator, fiscally bleeding the taxpayers while providing unreliable power supply. Yet many sectors still glamorize that dark era of state monopoly and endless fiscal deficits. For feedback, complaints, or inquiries, contact us.

The Energy Regulatory Commission ERC eventually reversed these charges, but consumers already got a taste of what could possibly go wrong. Yearend thoughts on the AFP. The most expensive dispatched electricity becomes the basis price for that trading session, and all dispatched electricity is bought from the gencos at that price. But it can only be as effective as how well we enforce it to ensure sufficient competition in the industry, and how well we ensure that we have adequate power supplies, regular and reserve alike.

The major aspects of the reforms include the 1 restructuring of the entire power industry to introduce competition in the generation sector, 2 change from government to private ownership, and 3 introduction of a stable regulatory framework for the electricity sector.

The law has been blamed for high prices and price volatility due to the removal of government power dpira, the layering on of profits due to the unbundling of the different industry subsectors, and the introduction of the Wholesale Electricity Spot Market WESM.

Consequently, the generation charge in our Meralco bills that month went down to a P3.