KERALA MAHATMYAM PDF

Kerala Mahatmyam, a great treatise on the History of Kerala, which is in Sanskrit containing more than stanzas and hundred chapter states that Vishnu. The Keralolpathi is a Malayalam work that deals with the origin of the land of Kerala. Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship of this work to Thunchaththu. “Keralotpathi and Kerala-mahatmyam” says C.A. Innes, “are late compilations of unknown origin and so full of inconsistencies, anachronisms and absurdities.

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The Ivory Throne is his first book. Hindu texts Asian chronicles. Some anthropologists regard Kerala’s system of matrilineal kinship as the continuation of a practice that at one time existed all over the world, while others contend that it was conceived due to some mysterious, compelling circumstances that replaced patriarchy at a historical point.

However the corresponding date mentioned is such that the prophet was not even born till more than a century kerlaa. Instead he would visit a lady in her natal home every now and then, solely for sexual purposes, and the offspring would be her responsibility entirely.

The marriage system itself was something that never ceased to fascinate visitors to Kerala. Among Nambutiri Brahmins only the eldest son was permitted mahamtyam take a Brahmin wife and all other kerla had to seek sambandhams from the high-caste matrilineal communities.

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Keralolpathi – Wikipedia

One is mythological and based on a Malayalam treatise called Keralolpathi, as well as and a Sanskrit work called the Kerala Mahatmyam.

The Keralolpathi covers the ancestry of the Namboodiri Brahmins and other castes of Kerala and is sometimes called the “Kerala Ulpathy”.

Widowhood was no catastrophic disaster and they were effectively at par with men when it came to sexual rights, with complete autonomy over their bodies.

He is then said to have awarded this new region conveniently to Brahmins, after which he summoned equally conveniently deva divinegandharva celestial minstreland rakshasa demon women for the pleasure of these men. Besides, by the 18th century modified versions of the work started appearing, varying from kingdom to kingdom and region to region in Kerala.

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Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P For them death by any other means than at the end of a sword on the battlefield was a mortifying ignominy and in their constant zeal for military excellence and glorious bloodshed, they had no time to husband women or economic resources.

Matriliny was, as per this theory, consequent upon the men purely being instruments of war rather than householders.

Keralolpathi

These refer to the creation of Kerala by the legendary hero Parasurama, who is supposed to have hurled his battle-axe from Gokarna to Cape Comorin and claimed from the sea all the land in between. Likewise even the origins of most of the castes and clans of Kerala varies from the ancient Sanskrit Kerala Mahatmayam. The Nairs, the principal matrilineal caste, were the descendants of these nymphs and their Brahmin overlords, tracing their lineages in the maternal line. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

While the military tradition of the Nairs, famous for its suicide bands called chavers, was well known, this theory is also more circumstantial than absolute. William Loganwho was the author of the Malabar Manual also refutes the validity of the Keralolpathi and describes it as:.

Yet a ruthless ancestor and generations of shrewd management ensured mahatmyamm endurance, as well as its political and cultural currency. Shungunny Menon, stated that:.

While the “Kerala Mahatmayam” deals with the origin of Kerala and its people alone, the Keralolpathi gives a history mahatmyzm Kerala down to the modern age, including reference to the British in Kerala.

Manu Pillai Manu Pillai is a writer and researcher.

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Hamlet in Monsoon: EXPOSING THE PARASURAMA MYTH

Travancore, a dominion loyal to the British Raj, was relatively newer than the ancient houses that once warred over this slice of south-western India, set between the Arabian Sea and the tail-end of the Western Ghats.

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This page was last edited on 8 Decemberat Boys were sent off to train in military gymnasiums from the age of eight, and their sole occupation thereafter was to master the art of mahatmyqm. For instance it states that a certain Viceroy of Kerala went to Mecca and met the Islamic prophet Mohammed there. But as the scholar K. Historians doubt the reliability of this collection of legends as it contains many discrepancies.

Sreedhara Menon, page The other theory relates to the ancient martial tradition of the Nairs.

There are, however, two views on this that have been passed down within the region. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Sexual freedom was also keralaa so that while polygamy was happily recognised in other parts of India, in Kerala women were allowed polyandry.

So the onus of family and succession was taken care of by women, who formed large establishments and managed their affairs independently in the absence of men.

Views Read Edit View history. Retrieved from ” https: Sign in with Google. However the said king reigned between and AD.

As Kerala was ushered into the modern era, closer mahafmyam democracy and republicanism, the women of Travancore came to occupy a central role in its fortunes.

Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship of this work to Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachana 17th-century scholar of the Malabar region of India. Therefore, according to Shungunny Menon a native historian amhatmyam TravancoreKerala one cannot place, in the Keralolpathi, the value of a historical source. Nair women could, if they wished, entertain more than one husband and, in the event of difficulties, were free to divorce without any social stigma.