Lewis Carroll - Wikipedia
RICHMOND – Virginians will have the right to hunt on Sunday beginning July 1, according to a bill signed into law this week by By Lauren McClellan and Jackson McMillan, Capital News Service . Mason said the General Assembly meets “regardless of circumstances. “This really is a show-must-go-on situation . The Georgia Hunting and Fishing Federation is a grassroots organization that is The GHFF Expo is held each year to promote awareness of our organization and . A huge "Thank You" goes out to Ronnie McMillan, Larry "Rawhide" Bundrum . directing an expansion of the zones relating to hunting deer over bait to meet. McDowell, James (continued): cational Convention, ; at Richmond Educational of Fort Randolph, McKinley, William: at Parkinson's Ferry meeting, ; early physician, ; Methodism of, McMechen's Narrows, 98 McMillan, 66 Martin, Denny: sues Hunter, Martin family, 66 Martinsburg: Germans at.
He told the story to Alice Liddell and she begged him to write it down, and Dodgson eventually after much delay presented her with a handwritten, illustrated manuscript entitled Alice's Adventures Under Ground in November Inhe had taken the unfinished manuscript to Macmillan the publisher, who liked it immediately. After the possible alternative titles were rejected — Alice Among the Fairies and Alice's Golden Hour — the work was finally published as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland in under the Lewis Carroll pen-name, which Dodgson had first used some nine years earlier.
Robert M. T. Hunter
Annotated versions provide insights into many of the ideas and hidden meanings that are prevalent in these books. He was inundated with fan mail and with sometimes unwanted attention. Indeed, according to one popular story, Queen Victoria herself enjoyed Alice in Wonderland so much that she commanded that he dedicate his next book to her, and was accordingly presented with his next work, a scholarly mathematical volume entitled An Elementary Treatise on Determinants. It is utterly false in every particular: Strong comments in a Times article, "It would have been clean contrary to all his practice to identify [the] author of Alice with the author of his mathematical works".
The title page of the first edition erroneously gives "" as the date of publication. His father's death in plunged him into a depression that lasted some years. It received largely mixed reviews from Carroll's contemporary reviewers,  but was enormously popular with the public, having been reprinted seventeen times between and and has seen various adaptations into musicals, opera, theatre, plays and music.
Carroll entwines two plots set in two alternative worlds, one set in rural England and the other in the fairytale kingdoms of Elfland, Outland, and others. The fairytale world satirizes English society, and more specifically the world of academia. Sylvie and Bruno came out in two volumes and is considered a lesser work, although it has remained in print for over a century.
Photography — [ edit ] Photo of Alice Liddell taken by Lewis Carroll InDodgson took up the new art form of photography under the influence first of his uncle Skeffington Lutwidgeand later of his Oxford friend Reginald Southey. He stopped taking photographs because keeping his studio working was too time-consuming. This was a cloth-backed folder with twelve slots, two marked for inserting the most commonly used penny stamp, and one each for the other current denominations up to one shilling.
- Lewis Carroll
The folder was then put into a slipcase decorated with a picture of Alice on the front and the Cheshire Cat on the back. It intended to organize stamps wherever one stored their writing utensils; Carroll expressly notes in Eight or Nine Wise Words About Letter-Writing it is not intended to be carried in a pocket or purse, as the most common individual stamps could easily be carried on their own.
The pack included a copy of a pamphletted version of this lecture.
Another invention was a writing tablet called the nyctograph that allowed note-taking in the dark, thus eliminating the need to get out of bed and strike a light when one woke with an idea.
The device consisted of a gridded card with sixteen squares and system of symbols representing an alphabet of Dodgson's design, using letter shapes similar to the Graffiti writing system on a Palm device. He appears to have invented — or at least certainly popularized — the "doublet" see word laddera form of brain-teaser that is still popular today, changing one word into another by altering one letter at a time, each successive change always resulting in a genuine word.
Other items include a rule for finding the day of the week for any date; a means for justifying right margins on a typewriter; a steering device for a velociam a type of tricycle ; new systems of parliamentary representation;  more fair elimination rules for tennis tournaments; a new sort of postal money order; rules for reckoning postage; rules for a win in betting; rules for dividing a number by various divisors; a cardboard scale for the Senior Common Room at Christ Church which, held next to a glass, ensured the right amount of liqueur for the price paid; a double-sided adhesive strip to fasten envelopes or mount things in books; a device for helping a bedridden invalid to read from a book placed sideways; and at least two ciphers for cryptography.
Within the academic discipline of mathematics, Dodgson worked primarily in the fields of geometrylinear and matrix algebramathematical logicand recreational mathematicsproducing nearly a dozen books under his real name.
Dodgson also developed new ideas in linear algebra e. His occupation as Mathematical Lecturer at Christ Church gave him some financial security. Martin Gardner's book on logic machines and diagrams and William Warren Bartley's posthumous publication of the second part of Carroll's symbolic logic book have sparked a reevaluation of Carroll's contributions to symbolic logic.
The algorithm known as Dodgson condensation is closely related to the Schur complement and the Desnanot-Jacobi identity. The discovery in the s of additional ciphers that Carroll had constructed, in addition to his "Memoria Technica", showed that he had employed sophisticated mathematical ideas in their creation. He documented his advice about how to write more satisfying letters in a missive entitled "Eight or Nine Wise Words About Letter-Writing".
He continued to teach at Christ Church until and remained in residence there until his death. The two volumes of his last novel, Sylvie and Brunowere published in andbut the intricacy of this work was apparently not appreciated by contemporary readers; it achieved nothing like the success of the Alice books, with disappointing reviews and sales of only 13, copies.
He recounts the travel in his "Russian Journal", which was first commercially published in He died of pneumonia following influenza on 14 January at his sisters' home, "The Chestnuts", in Guildford.
He was two weeks away from turning 66 years old. His funeral was held at the nearby St Mary's Church. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
June Lewis Carroll portrait of Beatrice Hatch Discussion of Dodgson's sexual preferences[ edit ] Some late twentieth-century biographers have suggested that Dodgson's interest in children had an erotic element, including Morton N. Cohen in his Lewis Carroll: Cohen, in particular, speculates that Dodgson's "sexual energies sought unconventional outlets", and further writes: We cannot know to what extent sexual urges lay behind Charles's preference for drawing and photographing children in the nude.
He contended the preference was entirely aesthetic. He probably felt more than he dared acknowledge, even to himself. He argues that Dodgson may have wanted to marry the year-old Alice Liddell, and that this was the cause of the unexplained "break" with the family in June an event for which other explanations are offered.
Biographers Derek Hudson and Roger Lancelyn Green stop short of identifying Dodgson as a paedophile Green also edited Dodgson's diaries and papersbut they concur that he had a passion for small female children and next to no interest in the adult world.
Catherine Robson refers to Carroll as "the Victorian era's most famous or infamous girl lover". Lebailly has endeavoured to set Dodgson's child photography within the "Victorian Child Cult", which perceived child nudity as essentially an expression of innocence. Lebailly claims that studies of child nudes were mainstream and fashionable in Dodgson's time, and that most photographers made them as a matter of course, including Oscar Gustave Rejlander and Julia Margaret Cameron.
Lebailly continues that child nudes even appeared on Victorian Christmas cardsimplying a very different social and aesthetic assessment of such material. Lebailly concludes that it has been an error of Dodgson's biographers to view his child-photography with 20th- or 21st-century eyes, and to have presented it as some form of personal idiosyncrasy, when it was in fact a response to a prevalent aesthetic and philosophical movement of the time.
Hunter was two years old, and shortly after one of his slightly elder brothers, also William Hunter, died at age 5. Educated first by private tutors, R. Hunter entered the University of Virginia when he was seventeen, shortly after his father's death, and became one of its first graduates. Political career[ edit ] In Hunter was admitted to the Virginia bar. Hunter won re-election in andbut resigned upon winning election to the U.
Robert M. T. Hunter - Wikipedia
Congress as discussed next. Representative as a States Rights Whig. He was re-elected inand became Speaker of the United States House of Representatives — the youngest person ever to hold that office.
He was re-elected again inbut was not chosen Speaker. In he was defeated for re-election, but returned in Hunter favored annexing Texas and compromise on the Oregon question opposing the Wilmot Provisoand led efforts to retrocede the City of Alexandria back to Virginia removing it from the District of Columbia.
After losing the election, Hunter changed parties, becoming a Democrat. Inhe again took the oath of office as an elected Congressman, and supported the Tariff of He assumed office in and won re-election in and Hunter continued to support slavery and its extension: He is credited with bringing about a reduction of the quantity of silver in small silver denominations, helping push forward Senate Bill No.
Hunter also drafted and sponsored the Tariff of which lowered duties and creation of the bonded-warehouse system, although federal revenues were thereby reduced.
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He also advocated civil service reform. In January Hunter delivered a speech in favor of slavery and the right of slaveholders to carry their slaves into the territories. On seven of the first eight ballots, he was a very distant second to the leader, Stephen A. Douglasand was third on the remaining 42 ballots.
When the convention reconvened in Baltimoremost Southerners withdrew, including Hunter, and Douglas won the party's nomination.Blake & Miranda on Michael Waddell's Bone Collector
Hunter did not regard Lincoln 's election as being of itself sufficient cause for secession. On January 11,he proposed an elaborate but impracticable scheme to adjust differences between the North and the South.
When this and several other similar efforts failed, Hunter quietly urged his own state to pass the ordinance of secession in April He was expelled from the Senate for supporting secession. One scheme proposed him as president of the new Confederate government, with fellow former U.
Voters in parts of Virginia which had not seceded elected Unionist John S. Carlile to fill the rest of Hunter's term. He resigned on February 18,after his election as a Confederate Senator. Hunter served in the Confederate Senate in Richmond, Virginia until the war's end, and was at times President pro tem.