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Aboriginal Relations with Europeans land treaties with Aboriginal groups, as was common elsewhere in North America. treaties with Aboriginal groups to acquire property for settlement, or for agricultural and other purposes. Part of William Dampier's description of the Aborigines on the north-west coast of . The nature of relations between Aborigines and Europeans varied in. The relationship between Aboriginal peoples and the settlers started through Through the enactment of legal bodies, such as the British North American Act and the Indian Act, the rights of . language, and along with the European settlers.
Curiosity and conflict
Bennelong returned 18 months later, much changed and greatly influenced by the English culture he had encountered on his journey. He found it difficult to return to his old life and became involved in crime. Early Europeans in Australia also developed relationships with Indigenous people in the hope that they would teach them about the Australian landscape.
Many Indigenous people became guides for the new Europeans. They showed the newcomers the country, their tracks, how to find water and bush food, and which areas were good for camping. Unfortunately, the Europeans did not understand the Indigenous people's relationship with the land. The newcomers saw Australia as uninhabited land that needed to be used. They also believed that it was their right to impose their lifestyle onto the new country and the people they met.
Indigenous-British Relations Pre-Confederation | The Canadian Encyclopedia
This resulted in bad feelings between the two groups, as the Indigenous people became angry about the way the land was being used. Indigenous opinions of the British The initial reaction of Australia's Indigenous people towards the British was confrontational.
The Indigenous people did not know who the British people were and so they reacted with aggression in an attempt to make them leave, so as to protect their land. Over time, the Indigenous people realised the strength and weapons the British had, and fled from the area Sydney. Some Indigenous groups did attempt to include the newcomers into their way of life.
However, the visitors had their own ideas and ways of life and they failed to take on traditional ways. Escaped convicts were the exception. Many ran into the bush trying to get away from the Europeans. Many convicts were taken in by Indigenous groups, who were pleased to involve these foreigners. Indigenous people had strong belief systems, which included sharing, respecting the land, respecting sacred places and respecting each other. The behaviours of the early Europeans not sharing, being selfish and using the land in a disrespectful manner led the Indigenous people to believe they were greedy, selfish and lacked respect, especially towards the land.
The Indigenous people from around Sydney, the Eora group, could not understand the way the Europeans used and destroyed the land. The Europeans' treatment of the land angered the Eora people and they reacted with violence. This resulted in many conflicts. Incidences of violence in the Sydney area Sydney was the location of the first settlement in Australia and was also the location of many conflicts between Europeans and the Eora group.
Many conflicts related to the land and how it was being used by the Europeans.
- Aboriginal Relations with Europeans 1600-1900
- First encounters and frontier conflict
- 3. Aboriginal Societies: The Experience of Contact
Eora warriors, led by a man named Pemulwuy, fought for the land and the Europeans retaliated on a much larger scale. Many deaths resulted from these conflicts. Europeans attacked the Indigenous people's camps and were reported to have shot the elderly, women, and children while the men were away on hunting trips.
The Eora men would retaliate again by using the weapons they had. The use of fire destroyed much of the European settlement farms, houses, small towns, crops, livestock and people.Australia. History of Australia in a Nutshell.
Warriors were imprisoned if they were captured. During this period, four distinct Aboriginal groups used land and resources at Newfoundland and Labrador — the Innu and Inuit in Labrador, and the Beothuk and Mi'kmaq on the island. Although each group had a distinct history of contact with Europeans, they shared in common an almost complete lack of interactions with government officials until the 20th century.
Impact of European Settlers on Aboriginals in Canada by Colin Wang on Prezi
Illustration of Innu men, Drawn by W. Hind, chromolithographed by Hanhard. Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, and Green, This was unusual, as colonial authorities elsewhere in North America often negotiated land-cessation treaties with Aboriginal groups to acquire property for settlement, or for agricultural and other purposes.
European governments, however, were much more interested in Newfoundland and Labrador's rich cod stocks than they were in its land resources and made little attempt to permanently settle the region until the s.
Colonial officials instead used coastal Newfoundland and Labrador as a base for the migratory fishery, making it unnecessary to appoint agents to negotiate treaties with Aboriginal groups. As European nations competed for control of lands in the New World, they often appointed agents to secure support or neutrality from Aboriginal groups. French authorities in Nova Scotia, for example, became allied with the Mi'kmaq during the colonial period. In Newfoundland and Labrador, however, it was the nation with the strongest naval — not land — force that would gain supremacy, making it largely unnecessary for British, French, and other governments to seek help from Aboriginal groups.
Although Aboriginal people came into little formal contact with colonial authorities in Newfoundland and Labrador, they did have informal encounters with European fishers. Some interactions were positive and mutually beneficial, while others resulted in misunderstandings and conflict.
A common source of tension was Aboriginal people's use of abandoned European campsites and equipment during the fall and winter. After Europeans returned home each year, they left behind boats, cabins, flakes, stages, fishing hooks and other gear. The Beothuk and Inuit took nails, kettles, fish hooks, and other metal pieces from abandoned stations, often burning or destroying wooden structures in the process. Upon their return, many European fishers felt Aboriginal people were stealing their property, which resulted in tensions and sometimes in violence.
Missionaries and Fur Traders Christian missionaries and commercial trading companies regularly interacted with Aboriginal groups in Newfoundland and Labrador, especially after the mids. Colonial officials often relied on mission workers and fur traders to administer the Aboriginal population instead of appointing official government liaisons.
Newfoundland and Labrador Governor Sir Hugh Palliser, for example, invited the Moravian Church — a protestant sect that worked with Inuit at Greenland — to establish mission stations at Labrador during the s.
Indigenous-British Relations Pre-Confederation
Palliser hoped a Moravian presence would help curb mounting hostilities between the Inuit and Europeans. The Moravians opened their first station at Nain in and others quickly followed elsewhere in Labrador. In addition to providing the Inuit with religious, medical, and educational services, the Moravians took over all trade operations with the Inuit and forbade Europeans from entering mission grounds, which effectively ended hostilities between the two groups.
Although mission workers sought to protect some aspects of Inuit culture — they taught reading and writing in Inuktitut and provided Inuktitut translations of the New Testament — they also promoted Christian ideals that undermined the Inuit belief system.