Who were the Midianites?
However, the relations between the Israelites and the Midianites began to sour when the Midianites joined forces with the Moabites in order to hire Balaam to. Israelites do not appear to have sought out others to join their covenant with God, nor are The “perpetual exclusion” of Ammonites and Moabites from the “ congregation of the Lord” commanded in Deut Ruth the Moabite is joined by marriage to an Israelite household in Moab and, after HarperCollins Dictionary. When the Israelites neared Canaan, however, the Midianites came to be . and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World.
The narrative shows that each of the five Midianite tribes was governed by its ownking, but that all acted together against a common enemy; that while a part of each tribe dwelt in cities and fortresses in the vicinity of Moab, another part led a nomadic life, living in tents and apparently remote from the seat of the war.
For, after the Midianites had been "exterminated" by the army of Phinehas, they reappear some hundreds of years later, in the time of Gideon. The Biblical account of the battle between the Midianites and Gideon Judges vi. The Midianites seem to have been then a powerful and independent nation; they allied themselves with the Amalekites and the children of the East, and they oppressed the Israelites so severely that the last-named were obliged to seek refuge in caves and strongholds; they destroyed their crops and reduced them to extreme poverty ib.
The allied army of Midianites and Amalekites encamped in the valley of Jezreel ib. Gideon with his army encamped by the fountain of Harod, the Midianite army being to the north of him.
With men Gideon succeeded in surprising and routing them, and they fled homeward across the Jordan in confusion ib. A point worth noting is that here only two Midianite kings, Zebah and Zalmuna, and two princes, Oreb and Zeeb, are mentioned ib.
- MIDIAN AND MIDIANITES:
This would show that only two tribes bore the name "Midianites," while the remaining three probably were merged with other Arabic tribes, their kinsmen, and perhaps partly with the Israelites also.
Midian is stated to have been "subdued before the children of Israel, so that they lifted up their heads no more" ib.
Midianite - New World Encyclopedia
In fact, aside from allusions to this victory Ps. In this instance, which occurred in the period of the Judges, the Kenites, descendants of Jethro the Midianite, attached themselves to the Israelites in the wilderness of Judah, south of Arad. Later, in the time of Tiglath-pileser B. The second son of Midian, Epher, is identified by Knobel with the Ghifar, an Arabic tribe which, in the time of Mohammed, had encampments near Medina.
Traces of the Midianites existed in post-Biblical times. Elathon the northern tip of the Gulf of Aqaba was suggested as the location of the first shrine, with a second sanctuary located at Kadesh.
Later writers have questioned the identified sanctuary locations but supported the thesis of a Midianite league.
George Mendenhall suggested that the Midianites were a non-Semitic confederate group,  and William Dumbrell maintained the same case: Through their apparent religio-political connection with the Moabites  they are thought to have worshipped a multitude, including Baal-peor and the Queen of Heaven, Ashteroth.
However, whether Hathor or some other deity was the object of devotion during this period is difficult to ascertain. A small bronze snake with gilded head was also discovered in the naos of the Timna mining shrine, along with a hoard of metal objects that included a small bronze figurine of a bearded male god, which according to Rothenberg was Midianite in origin.
Michael Homan observes that the Midianite tent-shrine at Timna is one of the closest parallels to the biblical Tabernacle. Jethro advised Moses on establishing a system of delegated legal decision-making.
Israel under Midianites
Zimri was the son of a Simeonite chief, while Cozbi was a Midianite woman taken into his family by Zimri. Ignoring this, at least one modern day movement has interpreted this story as a prohibition against miscegenation.
Soon after, Yahweh instructed Moses to collect an army and destroy Midian.