Intimate relationship - Wikipedia
Synonyms for relationship at kinenbicounter.info with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Specifically of romantic or sexual relationships by to have a good, bad, or friendly relationship with someone . if you are in a serious romantic relationship with someone, you intend to stay together for a long . Mimicking attractive opposite-sex others: the role of romantic relationship status. Karremans JC(1), Verwijmeren T. Author information.
Mimesis is always the desire to possess, in renouncing it we offer ourselves as a sacrificial gift to the other. Though the centrality of rivalry is not itself a cynical view, it does emphasize the mechanical in love relations.
In that sense, it does resonate with capitalism and cynicism native to post-modernity. Romance in this context leans more on fashion and irony, though these were important for it in less emancipated times. Sexual revolutions have brought change to these areas.
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Wit or irony therefore encompass an instability of romance that is not entirely new but has a more central social role, fine-tuned to certain modern peculiarities and subversion originating in various social revolutions, culminating mostly in the s. But what ultimately draws two individuals of different sex exclusively to each other with such power is the will-to-live which manifests itself in the whole species, and here anticipates, in the individual that these two can produce, an objectification of its true nature corresponding to its aims.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. July Learn how and when to remove this template message Later modern philosophers such as La RochefoucauldDavid Hume and Jean-Jacques Rousseau also focused on moralitybut desire was central to French thought and Hume himself tended to adopt a French worldview and temperament.
Desire in this milieu meant a very general idea termed "the passions", and this general interest was distinct from the contemporary idea of "passionate" now equated with "romantic". Love was a central topic again in the subsequent movement of Romanticismwhich focused on such things as absorption in nature and the absoluteas well as platonic and unrequited love in German philosophy and literature.
French philosopher Gilles Deleuze linked this idea of love as a lack mainly to Sigmund Freudand Deleuze often criticized it. In Shakespeare's Measure for Measurefor example, " The two at the end of the play love each other as they love virtue.
In the first place, I find it comical that all men are in love and want to be in love, and yet one never can get any illumination upon the question what the lovable, i.
He concluded on six rules, including: Do not flirt with someone unless you might mean it. Do not pursue people who you are not interested in, or who are not interested in you. In general, express your affection or uncertainty clearly, unless there is a special reason not to.
July Learn how and when to remove this template message The "tragic" contradiction between romance and society is most forcibly portrayed in literature, in Tolstoy's Anna Kareninain Flaubert's Madame Bovaryand William Shakespeare 's Romeo and Juliet.
The female protagonists in such stories are driven to suicide as if dying for a cause of freedom from various oppressions of marriage.
Even after sexual revolutions, on the other hand, to the extent that it does not lead to procreation or child-rearing, as it also might exist in same-sex marriageromance remains peripheral though it may have virtues in the relief of stressas a source of inspiration or adventure, or in development and the strengthening of certain social relations. It is difficult to imagine the tragic heroines, however, as having such practical considerations in mind.
Romance can also be tragic in its conflict with society. Even being aristocrats did not make them both free, as the society was nevertheless equally binding for all. Reciprocity of the sexes appears in the ancient world primarily in myth where it is in fact often[ when? Noteworthy female freedom or power was an exception rather than the rule, though this is a matter of speculation and debate. Psychology[ edit ] This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards.
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September Learn how and when to remove this template message Many theorists attempt to analyze the process of romantic love. Norepinephrine and dopamineamong other brain chemicals, are responsible for excitement and bliss in humans as well as non-human animals. Fisher concludes that these reactions have a genetic basis, and therefore love is a natural drive as powerful as hunger. In his book What Women Want, What Men Want,  anthropologist John Townsend takes the genetic basis of love one step further by identifying how the sexes are different in their predispositions.
Townsend's compilation of various research projects concludes that men are susceptible to youth and beauty, whereas women are susceptible to status and security.
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These differences are part of a natural selection process where males seek many healthy women of childbearing age to mother offspring, and women seek men who are willing and able to take care of them and their children. Psychologist Karen Horney in her article "The Problem of the Monogamous Ideal",  indicates that the overestimation of love leads to disillusionment; the desire to possess the partner results in the partner wanting to escape; and the friction against sex result in non-fulfillment.FilterCopy - When Opposites Fall In Love - Ft. Ayush Mehra and Barkha Singh
Disillusionment plus the desire to escape plus non-fulfillment result in a secret hostility, which causes the other partner to feel alienated.
Secret hostility in one and secret alienation in the other cause the partners to secretly hate each other.
This secret hate often leads one or the other or both to seek love objects outside the marriage or relationship. Psychologist Harold Bessell in his book The Love Test,  reconciles the opposing forces noted by the above researchers and shows that there are two factors that determine the quality of a relationship.
Bessell proposes that people are drawn together by a force he calls "romantic attraction", which is a combination of genetic and cultural factors. This force may be weak or strong and may be felt to different degrees by each of the two love partners. The other factor is "emotional maturity", which is the degree to which a person is capable of providing good treatment in a love relationship.
It can thus be said that an immature person is more likely to overestimate love, become disillusioned, and have an affair whereas a mature person is more likely to see the relationship in realistic terms and act constructively to work out problems. Romantic love, in the abstract sense of the term, is traditionally considered to involve a mix of emotional and sexual desire for another as a person.
Diamonda University of Utah psychology professor, proposes that sexual desire and romantic love are functionally independent  and that romantic love is not intrinsically oriented to same-gender or other-gender partners. She also proposes that the links between love and desire are bidirectional as opposed to unilateral.
Furthermore, Diamond does not state that one's sex has priority over another sex a male or female in romantic love because her theory suggests[ according to whom? According to Diamond, in most men sexual orientation is fixed and most likely innate, but in many women sexual orientation may vary from 0 to 6 on the Kinsey scale and back again. She has explored the evolutionary rationale that has shaped modern romantic love and has concluded that long-lasting relationships are helpful to ensure that children reach reproductive age and are fed and cared for by two parents.
Haselton and her colleagues have found evidence in their experiments that suggest love's adaptation. The first part of the experiments consists of having people think about how much they love someone and then suppress thoughts of other attractive people.
In the second part of the experiment the same people are asked to think about how much they sexually desire those same partners and then try to suppress thoughts about others. The results showed that love is more efficient in pushing out those rivals than sex. However, research from Stony Brook University in New York suggests that some couples keep romantic feelings alive for much longer. While Singer did believe that love was important to world culture, he did not believe that romantic love played a major role Singer, .
However, Susan Hendrick and Clyde Hendrick at Texas Tech University  have theorized that romantic love will play an increasingly important cultural role in the future, as it is considered an important part of living a fulfilling life.
They also theorized that love in long-term romantic relationships has only been the product of cultural forces that came to fruition within the past years. By cultural forces, they mean the increasing prevalence of individualistic ideologies, which are the result of an inward shift of many cultural worldviews.
Passionate and companionate love[ edit ] Researchers have determined that romantic love is a complex emotion that can be divided into either passionate or companionate forms. Passionate love is an arousal-driven emotion that often gives people extreme feelings of happiness, and can also give people feelings of anguish. Researchers have described the stage of passionate love as "being on cocaine", since during that stage the brain releases the same neurotransmitter, dopamine, as when cocaine is being used.
A couple may start to feel really comfortable with each other to the point that they see each other as simply companions or protectors, but yet think that they are still in love with each other.
Hendrick and Hendrick  studied college students who were in the early stages of a relationship and found that almost half reported that their significant other was their closest friend, providing evidence that both passionate and companionate love exist in new relationships. Conversely, in a study of long-term marriages, researchers Contreras, Hendrick, and Hendrick,  found that couples endorsed measures of both companionate love and passionate love and that passionate love was the strongest predictor of marital satisfaction, showing that both types of love can endure throughout the years.
The triangular theory of love[ edit ] Psychologist Robert Sternberg  developed the triangular theory of love. He theorized that love is a combination of three main components: He also theorized that the different combinations of these three components could yield up to seven different forms of love. These include popularized forms such as romantic love intimacy and passion and consummate love passion, intimacy, and commitment.
The other forms are liking intimacycompanionate love intimacy and commitmentempty love commitmentfatuous love passion and commitmentand infatuation passion.
On the other hand, Acker and Davis  found that commitment was the strongest predictor of relationship satisfaction, especially for long-term relationships. Sacrificial love reflects the subsumption of the individual self will within a union and is said to be expressed within the Christian Godhead and towards humanity. Companionate love involves diminished potent feelings of attachment, an authentic and enduring bond, a sense of mutual commitment, the profound feeling of mutual caring, feeling proud of a mate's accomplishment, and the satisfaction that comes from sharing goals and perspective.
Romance (love) - Wikipedia
In contrast, passionate love is marked by infatuation, intense preoccupation with the partner, throes of ecstasy, and feelings of exhilaration that come from being reunited with the partner. These couples often provide the emotional security that is necessary for them to accomplish other tasks, particularly forms of labor or work. Empirical research[ edit ] The use of empirical investigations in was a major revolution in social analysis.
Some of the attributes included in the study were kindnesscheerfulness and honesty. Two characteristics that children reported as least important included wealth and religion. There were limited studies done on children's friendships, courtship and marriagesand families in the s but few relationship studies were conducted before or during World War II.
Today, the study of intimate relationships uses participants from diverse groups and examines a wide variety of topics that include family relations, friendshipsand romantic relationships, usually over a long period.
Research being conducted by John Gottman and his colleagues involves inviting married couples into a pleasant setting, in which they revisit the disagreement that caused their last argument. Although the participants are aware that they are being videotaped, they soon become so absorbed in their own interaction that they forget they are being recorded.
They monitor newlywed couples using self-reports over a long period a longitudinal study. Participants are required to provide extensive reports about the natures and the statusses of their relationships.
In a recent study on the impact of Hurricane Katrina on marital and partner relationships, researchers found that while many reported negative changes in their relationships, a number also experienced positive changes.
More specifically, the advent of Hurricane Katrina led to a number of environmental stressors for example, unemployment, prolonged separation that negatively impacted intimate relationships for many couples, though other couples' relationships grew stronger as a result of new employment opportunities, a greater sense of perspective, and higher levels of communication and support. One team of researcher from Northwestern University who summarised the literature infound that 'negative-affect reciprocity', which is retaliatory negativity between partners during a conflict, is arguably the most robust predictor of poor marital quality.
However, this degradation can be softened, according to their heterosexual couple strong Chicago sample, by undertaking a reappraisal writing task every 4 months. The study reports three distinct findings showing how unhealthy habits are promoted in long-term, intimate relationships: Aristotle[ edit ] Over 2, years ago, interpersonal relationships were being contemplated by Aristotle. Aristotle believed that by nature humans are social beings. People are attracted to relationships that provide utility because of the assistance and sense of belonging that they provide.
In relationships based on pleasure, people are attracted to the feelings of pleasantness when the parties engage. However, relationships based on utility and pleasure were said to be short-lived if the benefits provided by one of the partners was not reciprocated. Relationships based on virtue are built on an attraction to the others' virtuous character. The philosophical analysis used by Aristotle dominated the analysis of intimate relationships until the late s.